Display Settings:


Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Eur J Endocrinol. 2013 Nov 29;170(1):121-9. doi: 10.1530/EJE-13-0733. Print 2014 Jan.

Estradiol regulates GH-releasing peptide's interactions with GH-releasing hormone and somatostatin in postmenopausal women.

Author information

  • 1Endocrine Research Unit, Mayo School of Graduate Medical Education, Center for Translational Science Activities, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota 55905, USA.



Estrogen stimulates pulsatile secretion of GH, via mechanisms that are largely unknown. An untested hypothesis is that estradiol (E₂) drives GH secretion by amplifying interactions among GH-releasing hormone (GHRH), somatostatin (SS), and GH-releasing peptide (GHRP).


The design comprised double-blind randomized prospective administration of transdermal E₂ vs placebo to healthy postmenopausal women (n=24) followed by pulsatile GHRH or SS infusions for 13 h overnight with or without continuous GHRP2 stimulation.


End points were mean concentrations, deconvolved secretion, and approximate entropy (ApEn; a regularity measure) of GH.


By generalized ANOVA models, it was observed that E₂ vs placebo supplementation: i) augmented mean (13-h) GH concentrations (P=0.023), GHRH-induced pulsatile GH secretion over the first 3 h (P=0.0085) and pulsatile GH secretion over the next 10 h (P=0.054); ii) increased GHRP-modulated (P=0.022) and SS-modulated (P<0.001) GH ApEn; and iii) did not amplify GHRH/GHRP synergy during pulsatile GH secretion. By linear regression, E₂ concentrations were found to be positively correlated with GH secretion during GHRP2 infusion (P=0.022), whereas BMI was found to be negatively correlated with GH secretion during GHRH (P=0.006) and combined GHRH/GHRP (P=0.015) stimulation. E₂ and BMI jointly determined triple (combined l-arginine, GHRH, and GHRP2) stimulation of GH secretion after saline (R²=0.44 and P=0.003) and pulsatile GHRH (R²=0.39 and P=0.013) infusions.


In summary, in postmenopausal women, E₂ supplementation augments the amount (mass) and alters the pattern (regularity) of GH secretion via interactions among GHRH, SS, GHRP, and BMI. These outcomes introduce a more complex model of E₂ supplementation in coordinating GH secretion in aging women.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
[Available on 2015/1/1]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk