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Chemosphere. 2013 Nov;93(9):2086-93. doi: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2013.07.049. Epub 2013 Oct 7.

Effects of input uncertainty and variability on the modelled environmental fate of organic pollutants under global climate change scenarios.

Author information

  • 1Department of Applied Environmental Science (ITM), Stockholm University, Frescativägen 50, SE-106 91 Stockholm, Sweden. Electronic address: deguo.kong@itm.su.se.

Abstract

Global climate change (GCC) is expected to influence the fate, exposure and risks of organic pollutants to wildlife and humans. Multimedia chemical fate models have been previously applied to estimate how GCC affects pollutant concentrations in the environment and biota, but previous studies have not addressed how uncertainty and variability of model inputs affect model predictions. Here, we assess the influence of climate variability and chemical property uncertainty on future projections of environmental fate of six polychlorinated biphenyl congeners under different GCC scenarios using a spreadsheet version of the ChemCAN model and the Crystal Ball® software. Regardless of emission mode, results demonstrate: (i) uncertainty in degradation half-lives dominates the variance of modelled absolute levels of PCB congeners under GCC scenarios; (ii) when the ratios of predictions under GCC to predictions under present day climate are modelled, climate variability dominates the variance of modelled ratios; and (iii) the ratios also indicate a maximum of about a factor of 2 change in the long-term average environmental concentrations due to GCC that is forecasted between present conditions and the period between 2080 and 2099. We conclude that chemical property uncertainty does not preclude assessing relative changes in a GCC scenario compared to a present-day scenario if variance in model outputs due to chemical properties and degradation half-lives can be assumed to cancel out in the two scenarios.

Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

KEYWORDS:

Chemical property uncertainty; Climate change; Climate variability; Multimedia fate model

PMID:
24112655
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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