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J Formos Med Assoc. 2014 Sep;113(9):581-90. doi: 10.1016/j.jfma.2013.09.001. Epub 2013 Oct 3.

Pathogenesis of virus-associated human cancers: Epstein-Barr virus and hepatitis B virus as two examples.

Author information

  • 1Department of Pathology, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University and Hospital, Tainan, Taiwan.
  • 2National Institute of Infectious Diseases and Vaccinology, National Health Research Institute, Tainan, Taiwan.
  • 3Institute of Molecular and Cellular Biology, National Tsing-Hua University, Hsin-Chu, Taiwan.
  • 4Institute of Medical Technology and Biotechnology, National Cheng Kung University and Hospital, Tainan, Taiwan.
  • 5Department of Pathology, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University and Hospital, Tainan, Taiwan; National Institute of Infectious Diseases and Vaccinology, National Health Research Institute, Tainan, Taiwan. Electronic address: suihjen@nhri.org.tw.

Abstract

Virus-associated human cancers may exhibit two characteristic histopathologic features: (1) the inflammation-rich background as observed in Epstein-Barr virus-associated Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) and nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC); and (2) the characteristic nuclear morphology such as the Reed-Sternberg cells in HL. Besides, the hepatocytes of chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection frequently exhibit characteristic ground glass hepatocytes, a phenomenon associated with endoplasmic reticulum stress response induced by the overloaded or malfolded HBV surface antigens. In this review, we explore specifically the pathogenesis of Epstein-Barr virus-associated HL and NPC, and HBV-associated hepatocellular carcinoma based on the observed histopathologic features. We propose that the retention of viral proteins induces inflammation, endoplasmic reticulum stress, and genomic instability in HL, NPC, and hepatocellular carcinoma, whereby the viral oncoproteins may play additional transactivational roles to induce host genes for transformation, invasion, and metastasis. Therapeutic implications based on the pathogenesis of virus-associated cancers are discussed.

Copyright © 2013. Published by Elsevier B.V.

KEYWORDS:

Epstein–Barr virus; Hodgkin lymphoma; hepatitis B virus; hepatocellular carcinoma; nasopharyngeal carcinoma; therapeutic implications

PMID:
24095032
[PubMed - in process]
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