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Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2014 May;12(5):831-837.e2. doi: 10.1016/j.cgh.2013.09.027. Epub 2013 Sep 27.

Ileal pouch symptoms do not correlate with inflammation of the pouch.

Author information

  • 1Zane Cohen Centre for Digestive Diseases, Mount Sinai Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; Division of Gastroenterology, Mount Sinai Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; Samuel Lunenfeld Research Institute, Mount Sinai Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
  • 2Zane Cohen Centre for Digestive Diseases, Mount Sinai Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; Samuel Lunenfeld Research Institute, Mount Sinai Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
  • 3Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
  • 4Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Mount Sinai Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
  • 5Division of Gastroenterology, Mount Sinai Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; Department of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
  • 6Zane Cohen Centre for Digestive Diseases, Mount Sinai Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; Department of Surgery, Mount Sinai Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; Department of Surgery, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
  • 7Zane Cohen Centre for Digestive Diseases, Mount Sinai Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; Division of Gastroenterology, Mount Sinai Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; Samuel Lunenfeld Research Institute, Mount Sinai Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; Department of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Electronic address: msilverberg@mtsinai.on.ca.
  • 8Zane Cohen Centre for Digestive Diseases, Mount Sinai Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; Samuel Lunenfeld Research Institute, Mount Sinai Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; Department of Surgery, Mount Sinai Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; Department of Surgery, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; Department of Health Policy, Management and Evaluation, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Abstract

BACKGROUND & AIMS:

Pouchitis is the most common complication after ileal pouch-anal anastomosis (IPAA). However, symptoms are not specific. The Pouchitis Disease Activity Index (PDAI) and the Pouchitis Activity Score (PAS) have been used to diagnose pouchitis. We evaluated the correlation between the clinical components of these scores and endoscopic and histologic findings.

METHODS:

We performed a cross-sectional study, analyzing data from 278 patients from Mount Sinai Hospital (Toronto, Canada) who had an IPAA. Patients underwent pouchoscopy with a biopsy, and data were collected on patients' clinical status. The PDAI and PAS were calculated for each subject. The Spearman rank correlation (ρ) statistical test was used to evaluate correlations between the PDAI scores and PAS, and between total scores and subscores.

RESULTS:

The total PDAI scores and PAS scores were correlated; the clinical components of each correlated with the total score (ρ = 0.59 and ρ = 0.71, respectively). However, we observed a low level of correlation between clinical and endoscopic or histologic subscores, with ρ of 0.20 and 0.10, respectively, by PDAI, and ρ of 0.19 and 0.04, respectively, by PAS.

CONCLUSIONS:

There is a low level of correlation between clinical and endoscopic and histologic subscores of patients with IPAA; clinical symptoms therefore might not reflect objective evidence of inflammation. These findings, along with evidence of correlation between total scores and clinical symptoms, indicate that these indices do not accurately identify patients with pouch inflammation. Further research is required to understand additional factors that contribute to clinical symptoms in the absence of objective signs of pouch inflammation.

Copyright © 2014 AGA Institute. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

KEYWORDS:

Ileal Pouch–Anal Anastomosis; Inflammatory Bowel Disease; Pouchitis; Ulcerative Colitis

PMID:
24075890
[PubMed - in process]
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