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Bioresour Technol. 2013 Nov;148:428-35. doi: 10.1016/j.biortech.2013.08.157. Epub 2013 Sep 6.

Anaerobic co-digestion of the marine microalga Nannochloropsis salina with energy crops.

Author information

  • 1Ruhr-University Bochum, Institute of Thermo- and Fluid Dynamics, Universitaetsstr. 150, D-44801 Bochum, Germany. Electronic address: s.schwede@thermo.rub.de.

Abstract

Anaerobic co-digestion of corn silage with the marine microalga Nannochloropsis salina was investigated under batch and semi-continuous conditions. Under batch conditions process stability and biogas yields significantly increased by microalgae addition. During semi-continuous long-term experiments anaerobic digestion was stable in corn silage mono- and co-digestion with the algal biomass for more than 200 days. At higher organic loading rates (4.7 kg volatile solids m(-3)d(-1)) inhibition and finally process failure occurred in corn silage mono-digestion, whereas acid and methane formation remained balanced in co-digestion. The positive influences in co-digestion can be attributed to an adjusted carbon to nitrogen ratio, enhanced alkalinity, essential trace elements and a balanced nutrient composition. The results suggest that N. salina biomass is a suitable feedstock for anaerobic co-digestion of energy crops, especially for regions with manure scarcity. Enhanced process stability may result in higher organic loading rates or lower digester volumes.

Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

KEYWORDS:

Anaerobic digestion; Biogas; Corn silage; Microalgae; Nannochloropsis salina

PMID:
24071442
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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