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Arch Psychiatr Nurs. 2013 Oct;27(5):253-9. doi: 10.1016/j.apnu.2013.06.001. Epub 2013 Aug 6.

Gender-specific factors of suicide ideation among adolescents in the Republic of Korea: a nationally representative population-based study.

Author information

  • College of Nursing Science, East-west Nursing Research Institute, Kyung Hee University, 26 Kyunghee-daero, Dongdaemun-gu, Seoul 130-071, Republic of Korea. Electronic address: spark@khu.ac.kr.

Abstract

The purposes of this study are to explore the differences in the rates of suicide ideation (SI) between male and female youths, and to investigate gender-specific factors strongly associated with SI. This study analyzed nationally representative secondary data, the Fourth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey collected over a 3 year period (2007-2009) (N=2358; youths aged 12-18 years). Significant differences in characteristics between adolescents with and without SI were analyzed using either t-test or chi-square test. After adjusting for demographics (i.e., age, monthly household income, and family intactness), gender-specific factors associated with SI were examined using multivariate logistic regression. Current research reveals that (a) the prevalence of SI is higher among female adolescents than among their male counterparts, (b) depression and stress are strong factors in both males and females, and (c) psychological counseling and experimentation with smoking and drinking are strong factors among females only. Different factors influencing SI between males and females should be considered when identifying youths at risk for SI and providing targeted interventions.

© 2013.

PMID:
24070995
[PubMed - in process]
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