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Pharm Res. 2014 Mar;31(3):809-18. doi: 10.1007/s11095-013-1203-4. Epub 2013 Sep 25.

Pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of CD4-anchoring bi-functional fusion inhibitor in monkeys.

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  • 1Department of Drug Metabolism and Pharmacokinetics, Roche Palo Alto, 3411 Hillview Avenue, Palo Alto, California, 94304, USA,



This study was to characterize the pharmacokinetics (PK) and pharmacodynamics (PD) of a chimeric protein, CD4-anchoring bi-functional fusion inhibitor (CD4-BFFI), in monkeys and assess the feasibility for HIV-1 treatment in humans.


The serum concentrations of CD4-BFFI and CD4 receptors were determined and modeled using a target-mediated drug disposition (TMDD) model following intravenous administration of 1 or 10 mg/kg in monkeys. In vitro CD4 internalization was examined in human peripheral blood mononuclear cells.


Noncompartmental analysis showed a decrease in clearance (1.35 to 0.563 mL/h/kg) and an increase in half-lives (35 to 50 h) with increasing doses. Dose-dependent CD4 occupancy was observed. The TMDD model reasonably captured the PK/PD profiles and suggested greater degradation rate constant for the free CD4 than the bound CD4. In vitro assay showed CD4-BFFI did not reduce the internalization of cell surface CD4. The simulated serum concentrations of CD4-BFFI were 20-fold above its in vitro IC50 for HIV-1 at 3 mg/kg weekly or biweekly following subcutaneous administration in humans.


The TMDD modeling and in vitro CD4 internalization study indicate that CD4-BFFI does not induce CD4 internalization and CD4-BFFI short half-life is likely due to normal CD4 internalization. The simulated human PK supports CD4-BFFI as a promising anti-HIV-1 agent.

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