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J Biol Chem. 1990 Mar 5;265(7):3793-802.

Glucose oxidase from Aspergillus niger. Cloning, gene sequence, secretion from Saccharomyces cerevisiae and kinetic analysis of a yeast-derived enzyme.

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  • 1Chiron Research Labs, Chiron Corporation, Emeryville, California 94608.

Erratum in

  • J Biol Chem 1990 Jul 5;265(19):11405. Schopter LM [corrected to Schopfer LM].


The gene for Aspergillus niger glucose oxidase (EC has been cloned from both cDNA and genomic libraries using oligonucleotide probes derived from the amino acid sequences of peptide fragments of the enzyme. The mature enzyme consists of 583 amino acids and is preceded by a 22-amino acid presequence. No intervening sequences are found within the coding region. The enzyme contains 3 cysteine residues and 8 potential sites for N-linked glycosylation. The protein shows 26% identity with alcohol oxidase of Hansenuela polymorpha, and the N terminus has a sequence homologous with the AMP-binding region of other flavoenzymes such as p-hydroxybenzoate hydroxylase and glutathione reductase. Recombinant yeast expression plasmids have been constructed containing a hybrid yeast alcohol dehydrogenase II-glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase promoter, either the yeast alpha-factor pheromone leader or the glucose oxidase presequence, and the mature glucose oxidase coding sequence. When transformed into yeast, these plasmids direct the synthesis and secretion of between 75 and 400 micrograms/ml of active glucose oxidase. Analysis of the yeast-derived enzymes shows that they are of comparable specific activity and have more extensive N-linked glycosylation than the A. niger protein.

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