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ACS Appl Mater Interfaces. 2013 Oct 23;5(20):10352-6. doi: 10.1021/am403449j. Epub 2013 Oct 7.

Characterization of the mobility and reactivity of water molecules on TiO2 nanoparticles by 1H solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance.

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  • 1Department of Polymer Science and Engineering, School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, The State Key Laboratory of Coordination Chemistry, Nanjing University , Nanjing 210093, P. R. Chin a.

Abstract

Understanding interfacial water behavior is essential to improving our understanding of the surface chemistry and interfacial properties of nanomaterials. Here using 1H solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance (1H SSNMR), we successfully monitored ligand exchange reaction between oleylamine (OLA) and adsorbed water on titanium dioxide nanoparticles (TiO2 NPs). Three different types of interfacial waters with different reactivities were distinguished. The mobility of the adsorbed water molecules was characterized by dipolar filtered 1H SSNMR. Our experimental results demonstrate that the adsorbed water can be categorized into three different layers: (i) rigid water species with restricted mobility closest to the surface of TiO2 NPs, (ii) less mobile water species weakly confined on TiO2 NPs, and (iii) water molecules with high mobility. Water in the third layer could be replaced by OLA, while water in the first and second layers remained intact. The finding that the interfacial water with the highest mobility has the strongest reactivity has guiding significance for tailoring the hydrophilic and hydrophobic properties of TiO2 NPs.

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