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Biomed Res Int. 2013;2013:463589. doi: 10.1155/2013/463589. Epub 2013 Aug 24.

Evidence for the treatment of osteoporosis with vitamin D in residential care and in the community dwelling elderly.

Author information

  • 1Older Persons Health Specialist Service, Canterbury District Health Board, Christchurch 8022, New Zealand ; Department of Medicine, University of Otago, Christchurch 8140, New Zealand.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

Vitamin D is common treatment for osteoporosis. Both age >70 years and living in residential care are associated with increased fracture risk. Community dwelling elderly are a heterogeneous group who may have more similatiry with residential care groups than younger community dwelling counterparts.

AIMS:

To review the evidence for cholecalciferol or ergocalciferol tretment of osteoporosis in either community dwelling patients aged ≥70 years of age, or redidential care patients. Secondly endpoints were changes in bone mineral denisty, and in bone turnover markers.

METHODS:

We performed a literature search using search terms for osteoporosis and vitamin D. Treatment for at least one year was required.

RESULTS:

Only one residential care study using cholecalciferol, showed non-vertebral and hip fracture reduction in vitamin D deficient subjects. In the community setting one quasi randomised study using ergocalciferol showed reduction in total but not hip or non-vertebral fracture, and a second randomised study showed increased hip fracture risk. Three studies reported increases in hip bone mineral denisty.

DISCUSSION:

A minority of studies demonstrated a fracture benefit form vitamin D and one suggested possible harm in a community setting. Current practice should be to only offer this treatment to subjects identified as deficient.

PMID:
24058907
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3766590
Free PMC Article
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