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Pediatr Surg Int. 1996 Jun;11(5-6):329-33. doi: 10.1007/BF00497805. Epub 2013 Sep 21.

Pentoxifylline attenuates ischemia/reperfusion injury to the small intestine in the rat.

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  • 1Department of Pediatric Surgery, Hadassah University Hospital Mount Scopus, IL-91240, Jerusalem, Israel.


There is a large body of evidence that neutrophils may play an important role in the mucosal injury that follows ischemia of the intestine. Pentoxifylline (PTF), a methylxanthine derivative, prevents leukocyte adherence to vascular endothelium and restores intestinal blood flow following hemorrhagic shock and sepsis. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the protective properties of PTF in an ischemia-reperfusion model of the intestine and whether its action is mediated through tissue neutrophils as assessed by myeloperoxidase (MPO) determination. Intestinal ischemia of either 1 or 2 h was induced in rats by clamping the superior mesenteric artery, followed by a 17-min reperfusion period. PTF (25 mg/kg) or saline solution was injected IP 10 min prior to ischemia. Multiple bowel samples were harvested at the end of the reperfusion period and evaluated for histology and tissue MPO. PTF significantly changed the resultant histologic damage to the intestinal mucosa exerted by prolonged ischemia of 1 and 2 h duration, although the beneficial effect of PTF in this animal model was independent of the number of tissue neutrophils as assessed by tissue MPO levels. Pretreatment with PTF can thus reduce the histologic damage caused by prolonged ischemia to the intestine.

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