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J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg. 2013 Dec;66(12):e351-61. doi: 10.1016/j.bjps.2013.08.002. Epub 2013 Aug 20.

Biological effects of cellular stretch on human dermal fibroblasts.

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  • 1Department of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery, Nippon Medical School, Tokyo, Japan; Department of Plastic Surgery, Meitan General Hospital, Beijing, China.

Abstract

Pathological scars are fibroproliferative skin disorders that are characterised by the accumulation of fibroblasts and collagens. It is increasingly understood that their development and progression may be related to local skin mechanics, such as stretching. The present study evaluated the morphological and functional effects of cellular stretch on normal human dermal fibroblasts and explored the mechanotransduction mechanisms that may be involved. When fibroblasts were subjected to 24 h of cyclic axial stretching (10 cycles min(-1)), they migrated faster and for a longer distance than unstretched cells. The increased migration resulted in the cells reorienting themselves perpendicular to the direction of stretching. This was associated with reduced cellular apoptosis and unchanged proliferation. Stretching did not increase collagen synthesis but did elevate collagen degradation. These biological effects appeared to be mediated by the integrin and Wnt mechanotransduction pathways, which transmitted the mechanical stimulus via cell-substrate interactions, cell-cell junctions and indirect cell-cell communications. A better understanding of such fibroblast mechanoresponses in vitro will help the development of novel interventions that can prevent, reduce or even reverse pathological scar formation and/or progression in vivo.

Copyright © 2013 British Association of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

KEYWORDS:

Cellular stretching; Human dermal fibroblast; Mechanotransduction; Pathological scars

PMID:
24055333
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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