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J Infect Dis. 2014 Feb 15;209(4):610-5. doi: 10.1093/infdis/jit419. Epub 2013 Sep 17.

Persistent endothelial activation and inflammation after Plasmodium falciparum Infection in Malawian children.

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  • 1Malawi-Liverpool-Wellcome Clinical Research Programme.


Endothelial dysregulation is central to the pathogenesis of acute Plasmodium falciparum infection. It has been assumed that this dysregulation resolves rapidly after treatment, but this return to normality has been neither demonstrated nor quantified. We therefore measured a panel of plasma endothelial markers acutely and in convalescence in Malawian children with uncomplicated or cerebral malaria. Evidence of persistent endothelial activation and inflammation, indicated by increased plasma levels of soluble intracellular adhesion molecule 1, angiopoetin 2, and C-reactive protein, were observed at 1 month follow-up visits. These vascular changes may represent a previously unrecognized contributor to ongoing malaria-associated morbidity and mortality.


Plasmodium falciparum; cardiovascular disease; endothelial activation; endothelial dysfunction; inflammation; pathogen burden; pediatric; stroke

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