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Hum Vaccin Immunother. 2014 Jan;10(1):19-24. doi: 10.4161/hv.26476. Epub 2013 Oct 8.

The human rotavirus vaccine Rotarix™ in infants: an integrated analysis of safety and reactogenicity.

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  • 1GlaxoSmithKline Vaccines; Wavre, Belgium.
  • 2GlaxoSmithKline Vaccines; Bangalore, India.
  • 3GlaxoSmithKline Vaccines; King of Prussia, PA USA.

Abstract

An integrated analysis of safety and reactogenicity data was undertaken for 28 randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind Phase II and III trials (DBRCTs) of the oral live-attenuated human rotavirus vaccine, Rotarix™ (GlaxoSmithKline Vaccines). Healthy infants aged 6-20 wk received 2 or 3 doses of vaccine (n=56562) or placebo (n=45512) at 4- to 8-wk intervals. Solicited adverse events (AEs) were recorded for 8 d after each dose of vaccine or placebo. Unsolicited AEs, serious AEs (SAEs), and deaths were evaluated over 31-d post-vaccination follow-up periods. 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for the relative risk (RR) across studies excluding "1.0" signified potential imbalances between the 2 groups. The incidence of each solicited AE of any or Grade 3 severity was similar between groups. The incidence of all unsolicited AEs of any (RR=0.99 [95% CI: 0.94-1.04]; P=0.72) or Grade 3 severity (RR=0.91 [95% CI: 0.77-1.08]; P=0.31) was similar between groups. A significantly higher proportion of SAEs were reported in the placebo group compared with the vaccine group (RR=0.9 [95% CI: 0.82-0.98]; P=0.01). The incidence of death was low and similar between the 2 groups (0.13% in the vaccine group and 0.11% in the placebo group; RR=1.14 [95% CI: 0.78-1.68]; P=0.54). Very few cases of intussusception were reported (11 and 7 in the vaccine and placebo groups, respectively; RR=1.39 [95% CI: 0.49-4.27]; P=0.66). In conclusion, results of this analysis of DBRCTs show that the human rotavirus vaccine Rotarix™ has a reactogenicity and safety profile similar to placebo.

KEYWORDS:

Rotarix™; human rotavirus vaccine; intussusceptions; reactogenicity; rotavirus gastroenteritis; vaccine safety

PMID:
24047799
[PubMed - in process]
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