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Pediatr Pulmonol. 2014 Jun;49(6):521-8. doi: 10.1002/ppul.22866. Epub 2013 Sep 4.

Useful marker of oscillatory lung function in methacholine challenge test-comparison of reactance and resistance with dose-response slope.

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  • 1Department of Pediatrics, CHA University School of Medicine, Seongnam, Korea.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

There are few studies focusing on the comparison of resistance (Rrs) and reactance (Xrs) in impulse oscillometry system (IOS) in the bronchial challenge test using dose-response slope (DRS), a quantitative index of bronchial hyperresponsiveness.

MATERIAL AND METHODS:

We conducted a case-control study of 144 asthmatic and 218 non-asthmatic children to compare the diagnostic accuracy of two-point linear DRS for FEV1 , Rrs5 , and Xrs5 (DRS_FEV1 , DRS_Rrs5 , and DRS_Xrs5 ) and assessed various diagnostic cut-off points of provocation concentrations (PC) using receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves.

RESULTS:

DRS_FEV1 had a stronger correlation with DRS_Xrs5 (r = 0.739, P < 0.001) than with DRS_Rrs5 (r = 0.652, P < 0.001) and the area under the ROC curves of DRS_Xrs5 (0.737) was similar to that of DRS_FEV1 (0.732) and higher than that of DRS_Rrs5 (0.668). The area under the ROC curves in order of greater value was as follows: absolute change of Xrs5 (Abs_Xrs5 ) (0.759) > percent change of FEV1 (Pch_FEV1 ) (0.735) > Pch_Xrs5 (0.727) > Abs_Rrs5 (0.690) > Pch_Rrs5 (0.630). PC78 _Xrs5 and PC0.17 _Xrs5 of IOS showed considerably good sensitivity and specificity comparable to those of PC20 _FEV1 by spirometry. Additional 18 (13%) children who showed normal spirometric measures were identified as asthmatics with the use of IOS.

CONCLUSION:

The utility of the DRS_Xrs5 to differentiate asthmatics from controls was comparable to that of the DRS_FEV1 and better than that of the DRS_Rrs5 . In addition, IOS could detect additional asthmatic patients who did not show positive responses in spirometry.

© 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

KEYWORDS:

asthma; bronchial hyperresponsiveness; dose-response slope; impulse oscillometry system

PMID:
24039248
[PubMed - in process]
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