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Clinics (Sao Paulo). 2013;68(8):1121-7. doi: 10.6061/clinics/2013(08)10.

Changes in body weight, C-reactive protein, and total adiponectin in non-obese women after 12 months of a small-volume, home-based exercise program.

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  • 1Department of Epidemiology, Institute of Social Medicine, State University of Rio de Janeiro (UERJ), Rio de JaneiroRJ, Brazil.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Our objective was to evaluate the effects of small-volume, home-based exercise combined with slight caloric restriction on the inflammatory markers C-reactive protein and adiponectin.

METHODS:

In total, 54 women were randomly assigned to one of two groups for exercise intervention: the control or home-based exercise groups. Weight, waist and hip circumferences, and inflammatory markers were measured at baseline and after 6 and 12 months. Women allocated to the home-based exercise group received a booklet explaining the physical exercises to be practiced at home at least 3 times per week, 40 minutes per session, at low-to-moderate intensity. All participants received dietary counseling aimed at reducing caloric intake by 100-300 calories per day, with a normal distribution of macro-nutrients (26-28% of energy as fat). Clinicaltrials.gov: NCT01206413 RESULTS: The home-based exercise group showed a significantly greater reduction in weight and body mass index at six months, but no difference between groups was observed thereafter. With regard to the inflammatory markers, a greater but non-statistically significant reduction was found for C-reactive protein in the home-based exercise group at six months; however, this difference disappeared after adjusting for weight change. No differences in adiponectin were found at the 6- or 12-month follow-up.

CONCLUSION:

Small-volume, home-based exercise did not promote changes in inflammatory markers independent of weight change.

PMID:
24037008
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3752622
Free PMC Article
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