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Value Health. 2013 Sep-Oct;16(6 Suppl):S32-8. doi: 10.1016/j.jval.2013.06.010.

Reflections on market access for personalized medicine: recommendations for Europe.

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  • 1The University of Manchester, Manchester, UK. Electronic address:


This article aims to provide an overview of the current literature focusing on the reimbursement of personalized medicine across the European Union. The article starts by describing types of perspectives that are possible (general public, patient, payer, provider, service commissioner, and policymaker). The description of perspectives also explains the importance of understanding the different possible decision criteria and processes from the various perspectives by taking into account budget constraints. The article then focuses on an example of personalized medicine, namely, the use of companion diagnostic-medicine combinations, to describe the role of reimbursement/payer agencies across the European Union to control the introduction and coverage of such companion diagnostic-medicine technologies. The article touches on the strategic challenges and the use of economic evidence to introduce personalized medicine from a health policy perspective. The article also draws on empirical studies that have explored patients' and clinicians' views of examples of personalized medicine to illustrate the challenges for developing patient-centered and timely health care services.

Copyright © 2013, International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research (ISPOR). Published by Elsevier Inc.


economic evaluation; personalized medicine; reimbursement

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