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Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi. 2013 May 28;93(20):1563-6.

[Diagnostic value of endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration in paratracheal mediastinal lesions].

[Article in Chinese]

Author information

  • 1Department of Respiratory Medicine, Shandong University, Jinan, China.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To explore the diagnostic value of endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) in diagnosing mediastinal lesions.

METHODS:

A total of 264 patients with mediastinal lesions on chest CT at Provincial Hospital Affiliated to Shandong University between January 2010 and April 2012 were retrospectively enrolled. Their cytopathological results were difficult to be assessed by conventional bronchoscopy. There were 222 cases whose lymph nodes long axis was >1.5 cm. Among them, 174 cases underwent TBNA alone (group A) and the other 48 cases EBUS-TBNA alone (group B). The remaining 42 cases whose lymph nodes long axis was <1.5 cm belonged to group C and underwent TBNA (group C1) and EBUS-TBNA (group C2) sequentially as a combined procedure. The associations of pathologic examinations, diagnostic positive rate and complications were analyzed.

RESULTS:

Among 174 cases in group A, 154 cases were diagnosed with a positive diagnostic rate of 88.5%. There were 135 malignant lesions while 19 cases were diagnosed with benign diseases and 5 cases had accidental vascular injury. Among 48 cases in group B, 45 cases were diagnosed with a positive diagnostic rate of 93.8%. There were 33 malignant lesions while 12 cases were diagnosed with benign diseases. Among 42 patients in group C1, 31 cases were diagnosed by TBNA with a positive diagnostic rate of 73.8%. There were 23 malignant lesions while 8 cases were diagnosed with benign diseases and 2 cases had accidental vascular injury. Among 42 patients in group C2, 39 cases were diagnosed with a positive diagnostic rate of 92.8%. There were 30 malignant lesions while 9 cases had benign diseases. No difference existed in diagnostic positive rate between groups A and B (χ(2) = 0.621, P = 0.431) while the diagnostic positive rate in group A was much higher than group C1 (χ(2) = 5.945, P = 0.015). The difference between groups B and C2 was insignificant (χ(2) = 0.065, P = 0.320) while there was significant difference between groups C1 and C2 (χ(2) = 5.486, P = 0.019).

CONCLUSION:

With a low complication rate, EBUS-TBNA can yield a higher diagnostic positive rate in diagnosing small mediastinal diseases than conventional TBNA.

PMID:
24028724
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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