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J Sex Med. 2014 Jan;11(1):288-98. doi: 10.1111/jsm.12297. Epub 2013 Sep 12.

Surgical outcomes and patients' satisfaction with suprapubic phalloplasty.

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  • 1Service d'urologie, Centre hospitalier Lyon-Sud, Hospices civils de Lyon, Pierre-Bénite Cedex, France.



Many techniques, specifically forearm free flap phalloplasty, are used in penile reconstructive surgery. Although satisfying, a major disadvantage is the large, stigmatizing scar on the donor site, which leads many patients to explore alternatives.


The aim of this study is to assess the outcomes and satisfaction of patients offered the choice between metaidioplasty, forearm free flap, and suprapubic phalloplasty.


Medical outcomes from the three-stage surgery were collected from the hospital files of 24 patients, who were also interviewed to assess their satisfaction, sexual function, and psychosexual well-being.


Medical complications, anthropometric measures, and interviewing questionnaire on satisfaction with appearance, sexual function, and psychological variables.


Duration of surgery and of hospital stay was relatively short in the first (1 hour 30 minutes; 3 days) and last (1 hour 40 minutes; 3 days) stage of surgery involving tissue expansion and neophallus release. These two stages were associated with few complications (17% and 4% minor complications respectively, 12% additional complications with hospitalization for the first stage). The second stage involving tubing was associated with longer surgery and hospital stay (2 hour 15 minutes; 5 days) and had more complications (54% minor complications and 29% requiring hospitalization) although fewer than one-step surgery. No loss of neophallus was reported. Overall, 95% of patients were satisfied with their choice of phalloplasty, 95% with the appearance, 81% with the length (Mean = 12.83 cm), and 71% with the circumference (Mean = 10.83 cm) of their neophallus. Satisfactory appearance was significantly correlated (P < 0.01) with penile length (r = 0.69) and diameter (r = 0.77). Sexual satisfaction was significantly correlated with penile diameter (r = 0.758), frequency of orgasm (r = 0.71), perceived importance of voiding while standing (r = 0.56), presurgery satisfaction with sexuality (r = 0.58), current masculine-feminine scale (r = 0.58), attractive-unattractive scale (r = 0.69), and happy-depressed scale (r = 0.63).


Suprapubic phalloplasty, despite the lack of urethroplasty, offers an interesting alternative for patients concerned with the stigmatizing scar on the donor site.

© 2013 International Society for Sexual Medicine.


Gender Dysphoria; Neophallus; Penile Reconstructive Surgery; Sex Reassignment Surgery; Suprapubic Phalloplasty; Transsexualism

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