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Indian J Hum Genet. 2013 Apr;19(2):188-95. doi: 10.4103/0971-6866.116124.

CD14 C-159T polymorphism and its association with chronic lung diseases: A pilot study on isocyanate exposed population of Central India.

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  • 1Department of Research, Bhopal Memorial Hospital and Research Center, Madhya Pradesh, India.

Abstract

CONTEXT:

CD14 functions as a multifunctional receptor for bacterial cell wall components including endotoxin and lipopolysaccharide and is likely to influence the cytokine profile and subsequent immunoglobulin E production in response to antigen/allergen contact in allergic phenotypes.

AIMS:

The present study was to investigate genetic polymorphism in CD14 gene - 159C/T, which may be one of the risk factor for increased prevalence of Chronic Lung Diseases in the Central India.

SETTINGS AND DESIGN:

Survivors of Methyl isocyanates toxicity in Bhopal still suffering from various respiratory ailments were examined.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism was performed to determine the polymorphism of C-159T.

RESULTS:

The genotype and allelic frequencies were in Hardy-Weinberg's equilibrium. Prevalence of CC, CT, and TT were 5.5%, 22.2% and 9.25% respectively in asthmatics; 16.6%, 20.3% and 5.5% respectively in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients and 5.5%, 14.8% and 1.85 respectively among interstitial lung disorder (ILD) patients; whereas the control cohort with no methyl isocyanate exposure displayed (CC, CT, and TT) cytosine, thymine as 2%, 1.6% and 2% respectively. Increased risk of Asthma among those carrying TT genotype and T allele (odds ratio [OR] =2.61 and 2.02 respectively).

CONCLUSION:

COPD risk significantly found among those with CC genotype and C allele (OR = 2.81 and 1.50 respectively), whereas ILD risk found significantly among CT genotype and C allele (OR = 1.75 and 1.40 respectively). Therefore, single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) C-159T polymorphism in CD14 gene might be a risk factor for development of CLD in this population.

KEYWORDS:

Asthma; Bhopal; CD14; chronic obstructive methyl isocyanate; pulmonary disease

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