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J Transcult Nurs. 2013 Oct;24(4):397-407. doi: 10.1177/1043659613493437. Epub 2013 Jul 8.

A program to enhance recruitment and retention of disadvantaged and ethnically diverse baccalaureate nursing students.

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  • 1Loma Linda University School of Nursing, Loma Linda, CA, USA.



To describe and evaluate the use of a "Success in Learning: Individualized Pathways Program (SLIPP)" to retain and graduate disadvantaged and ethnically diverse nursing students.


A summative evaluative design was used with a population of 77 disadvantaged and ethnically diverse students who were accepted into a pre-entrance preparation quarter. The program based on an academic success model, included six pre-entrance classes, academic, social, and financial support, and seven faculty development workshops. Program outcomes were studied using student records, survey results, and interviews.


Following the pre-entrance quarter, all 77 students were accepted into the baccalaureate nursing program, 90.9% graduated with either a Bachelor in Science (75.3%) or Associate in Science (15.6%), and 98.6% of the graduates passed the state board registered nursing examination.


Outcomes are discussed in light of similar programs.


Underprepared disadvantaged and ethnically diverse students can successfully become registered nurses.


Educators and recruiters for nursing practice should accept/hire culturally diverse students/nurses to expand the ethnic diversity of the nursing workforce to meet the needs of culturally diverse clients. Research is needed to determine the classes/components and length of the pre-entrance preparation program to successfully enhance success.


American Indians; Asians from developing countries; Black/African Americans; Hispanics/Latinos; academic success model; baccalaureate programs; disadvantaged; ethnic diversity; minority; recruitment; retention; undergraduate nursing education

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