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Urologe A. 1990 Jul;29(4):191-5.

[Clinical use of neurostimulation].

[Article in German]

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  • 1Department of Urology, University of California, School of Medicine, San Francisco.


Our experience is broad-based and covers a number of difficult conditions that urologists deal with regularly. In patients who have been followed for several years, consistency of stimulation response has been observed. Even after use of the stimulator for several months or years, symptoms often return as soon as the stimulation ceases in cases of a malfunction or electrode movement. Neurostimulation, however, is no panacea. Patients with specific muscular dysfunction, determined urodynamically, must be carefully selected. They must also be willing to cooperate actively in their care. Test stimulation of the sacral nerves has provided invaluable insight into the neuromuscular responses mediated by the S2-4 nerves and has thus helped identify dysfunction that is specifically associated with each of these nerves. It has also helped discern differences between the integrity of pelvic muscles and the capability of the patient to use these muscles. This information allows the urologist to focus on a specific muscular dysfunction and to re-educate the patient to use the pelvic musculature properly or, failing this, to use neurostimulation via an implant to modulate the dysfunction. There must be a strong commitment on the part of the physician. No two patients are alike. Attention to patients' symptoms, the pattern of muscle dysfunction found in the pelvis, the responses to test stimulation, the urodynamic findings with and without stimulation, and the underlying anxieties of patients, which can contribute to symptoms, are all important considerations. Neurostimulation is an exciting and fascinating addition to the urologist's armamentarium. Most important, urologists are now able to test the functional integrity of the pelvic musculature and specifically identify weakness and dysfunction. Therapy can now be based on an assessment of the functional capabilities of the nervous system involved in micturition control.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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