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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2013 Sep 20;439(2):179-86. doi: 10.1016/j.bbrc.2013.08.066. Epub 2013 Aug 29.

Proteasome inhibitor MG132 enhances TRAIL-induced apoptosis and inhibits invasion of human osteosarcoma OS732 cells.

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  • 1Department of Orthopedics, The First Affiliated Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang 110001, Liaoning, PR China.


MG132 as a proteasome inhibitor could induce apoptosis in various cancer cells. This study aimed to discuss the effect of proteasome inhibitor MG132 on the TRAIL-induced apoptosis of human osteosarcoma OS732 cells. MG132 and TRAIL were applied on OS732 cells respectively or jointly. Cell survival rates, changes of cellular shape, cell apoptosis and cell invasion were analyzed, respectively, by 3-(4,5)-dimethylthiahiazo(-z-y1)-2,5-di-phenytetrazoliumromide (MTT) assay, inverted phase contrast microscope, flow cytometry, and transwell invasion chamber methods. The protein levels of DR5, caspase-3, caspase-8, p27(kip1) and MMP-9 were measured by Western blot analysis. The results indicated that combination of MG132 and TRAIL had the effect of up-regulating expression of DR5, caspase-3, caspase-8 and p27(kip1), down-regulating expression of MMP-9 and inducing apoptosis as well as suppressing the ability of invasion of OS732 cells. The survival rate of combined application of 10 μM MG132 and 100 ng/ml TRAIL on OS732 cells was significantly lower than that of the individual application (p<0.01). Changes of cellular shape and apoptotic rates also indicated the apoptosis-inducing effect of combined application was much stronger than that of individual application. Cell cycle analysis showed combination of MG132 and TRAIL mostly caused OS732 cells arrested at G2-M-phase. The invasion ability of OS732 cells was restrained significantly in the combined group compared with the individual group and control group.

Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


Apoptosis; Invasion; MG132; Osteosarcoma; TRAIL

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