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Food Chem. 2013 Dec 15;141(4):3714-20. doi: 10.1016/j.foodchem.2013.06.037. Epub 2013 Jun 24.

Rapid analysis of phthalates in beverage and alcoholic samples by multi-walled carbon nanotubes/silica reinforced hollow fibre-solid phase microextraction.

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  • 1Chemical Engineering Institute, Northwest University for Nationalities, Lanzhou, China.


A novel procedure based on multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs)/silica reinforced hollow fibre solid-phase microextraction combined with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry has been developed to analyse trace phthalate acid esters in beverage and alcoholic samples. Because of their excellent adsorption capability towards hydrophobic compounds, functionalized MWCNTs, acting as solid-phase sorbent, were co-deposited with silica particles in the pores of polypropylene hollow fibre through a layer-by-layer self-assembly technique. The parameters influencing the extraction efficiency, such as pH values and ionic strength of sample solution, extraction time, temperature and desorption solvent were optimised. Recoveries for phthalates at spiking levels in different matrices were satisfactory (between 68% and 115%). Moreover, the results were further confirmed by comparing them with those obtained using a solvent extraction method according to the national standard of China.

Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


Hollow fibre; Multi-walled carbon nanotubes; Phthalate acid ethers; Silica; Solid phase microextraction

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