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PLoS One. 2013 Aug 21;8(8):e70506. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0070506. eCollection 2013.

Rapid identification of antifungal compounds against Exserohilum rostratum using high throughput drug repurposing screens.

Author information

  • 1National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, United States of America.

Erratum in

  • PLoS One. 2013;8(9). doi:10.1371/annotation/df5a5a46-cf30-4842-bf11-b6cee36c1f9b.

Abstract

A recent large outbreak of fungal infections by Exserohilum rostratum from contaminated compounding solutions has highlighted the need to rapidly screen available pharmaceuticals that could be useful in therapy. The present study utilized two newly-developed high throughput assays to screen approved drugs and pharmaceutically active compounds for identification of potential antifungal agents. Several known drugs were found that have potent effects against E. rostratum including the triazole antifungal posaconazole. Posaconazole is likely to be effective against infections involving septic joints and may provide an alternative for refractory central nervous system infections. The anti-E. rostratum activities of several other drugs including bithionol (an anti-parasitic drug), tacrolimus (an immunosuppressive agent) and floxuridine (an antimetabolite) were also identified from the drug repurposing screens. In addition, activities of other potential antifungal agents against E. rostratum were excluded, which may avoid unnecessary therapeutic trials and reveals the limited therapeutic alternatives for this outbreak. In summary, this study has demonstrated that drug repurposing screens can be quickly conducted within a useful time-frame. This would allow clinical implementation of identified alternative therapeutics and should be considered as part of the initial public health response to new outbreaks or rapidly-emerging microbial pathogens.

PMID:
23990907
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3749181
Free PMC Article

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