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Oxid Med Cell Longev. 2013;2013:415078. doi: 10.1155/2013/415078. Epub 2013 Jul 25.

Sulforaphane as a potential protective phytochemical against neurodegenerative diseases.

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  • 1Department for Life Quality Studies, Alma Mater Studiorum, University of Bologna, Rimini, Italy.

Abstract

A wide variety of acute and chronic neurodegenerative diseases, including ischemic/traumatic brain injury, Alzheimer's disease, and Parkinson's disease, share common characteristics such as oxidative stress, misfolded proteins, excitotoxicity, inflammation, and neuronal loss. As no drugs are available to prevent the progression of these neurological disorders, intervention strategies using phytochemicals have been proposed as an alternative form of treatment. Among phytochemicals, isothiocyanate sulforaphane, derived from the hydrolysis of the glucosinolate glucoraphanin mainly present in Brassica vegetables, has demonstrated neuroprotective effects in several in vitro and in vivo studies. In particular, evidence suggests that sulforaphane beneficial effects could be mainly ascribed to its peculiar ability to activate the Nrf2/ARE pathway. Therefore, sulforaphane appears to be a promising compound with neuroprotective properties that may play an important role in preventing neurodegeneration.

PMID:
23983898
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3745957
Free PMC Article
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