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J Membr Biol. 2013 Sep;246(9):669-77. doi: 10.1007/s00232-013-9583-2. Epub 2013 Aug 23.

Characterization and modulation of glucose uptake in a human blood-brain barrier model.

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  • 1Department of Biochemistry (U38.FCT), Faculty of Medicine, University of Porto, Al. Prof. Hernâni Monteiro, 4200-319, Porto, Portugal.


The blood-brain barrier (BBB) plays a key role in limiting and regulating glucose access to glial and neuronal cells. In this work glucose uptake on a human BBB cell model (the hCMEC/D3 cell line) was characterized. The influence of some hormones and diet components on glucose uptake was also studied. ³H-2-deoxy-D-glucose ([³H]-DG) uptake for hCMEC/D3 cells was evaluated in the presence or absence of tested compounds. [³H]-DG uptake was sodium- and energy-independent. [³H]-DG uptake was regulated by Ca²⁺ and calmodulin but not by MAPK kinase pathways. PKC, PKA and protein tyrosine kinase also seem to be involved in glucose uptake modulation. Progesterone and estrone were found to decrease ³H-DG uptake. Catechin and epicatechin did not have any effect, but their methylated metabolites increased [³H]-DG uptake. Quercetin and myricetin decreased [³H]-DG uptake, and glucuronic acid-conjugated quercetin did not have any effect. These cells expressed GLUT1, GLUT3 and SGLT1 mRNA.

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