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Am J Infect Control. 2013 Dec;41(12):1253-7. doi: 10.1016/j.ajic.2013.05.021. Epub 2013 Aug 21.

Risk of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus surgical site infection in patients with nasal MRSA colonization.

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  • 1Division of Infectious Diseases, Penn State Hershey Medical Center, Hershey, PA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Patients colonized with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) are at increased risk for invasive infection compared with noncolonized patients; however, the magnitude of risk for MRSA surgical site infection (SSI) is unclear. To aid in planning of infection prevention strategies, we sought to assess the incidence of MRSA SSI in MRSA carriers.

METHODS:

We conducted a retrospective cohort study at our tertiary care center of inpatients who underwent MRSA polymerase chain reaction (PCR) screen of the nares within 30 days before a National Healthcare Safety Network principal procedure between April 2008 and July 2010.

RESULTS:

The rate of MRSA SSI was 1.86% in the MRSA PCR-positive group (n = 431) and 0.20% in the MRSA PCR-negative group (n = 9432). Multivariate analysis identified MRSA PCR-positive status as an independent risk factor for MRSA SSI (odds ratio, 9.20; 95% confidence interval, 3.81-20.47; P < .0001); other risk factors included duration of surgery ≥137 minutes, American Society of Anesthesiologists score ≥3, and abdominal surgery.

CONCLUSIONS:

Surgical patients with a positive nasal MRSA PCR screen had a 9-fold greater odds of developing a subsequent MRSA SSI compared with patients with a negative nasal MRSA PCR screen. The incidence of MRSA SSI in PCR-positive patients was low (1.86%), however, and identifying subsets of patients at greatest risk for SSI may help target decolonization and other interventions.

Copyright © 2013 Association for Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology, Inc. Published by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.

KEYWORDS:

Cohort studies; Etiology; Microbiology; Nasal mucosa; Prevention and control; Staphylococcal infections; Surgical wound infection

PMID:
23973424
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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