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Nanoscale. 2013 Oct 21;5(20):9821-9. doi: 10.1039/c3nr03150k.

Design of meso-TiO2@MnO(x)-CeO(x)/CNTs with a core-shell structure as DeNO(x) catalysts: promotion of activity, stability and SO2-tolerance.

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  • 1Research Center of Nano Science and Technology, Shanghai University, Shanghai 200444, China. dszhang@shu.edu.cn.

Abstract

Developing low-temperature deNOx catalysts with high catalytic activity, SO2-tolerance and stability is highly desirable but remains challenging. Herein, by coating the mesoporous TiO2 layers on carbon nanotubes (CNTs)-supported MnOx and CeOx nanoparticles (NPs), we obtained a core-shell structural deNOx catalyst with high catalytic activity, good SO2-tolerance and enhanced stability. Transmission electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, N2 sorption, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, H2 temperature-programmed reduction and NH3 temperature-programmed desorption have been used to elucidate the structure and surface properties of the obtained catalysts. Both the specific surface area and chemisorbed oxygen species are enhanced by the coating of meso-TiO2 sheaths. The meso-TiO2 sheaths not only enhance the acid strength but also raise acid amounts. Moreover, there is a strong interaction among the manganese oxide, cerium oxide and meso-TiO2 sheaths. Based on these favorable properties, the meso-TiO2 coated catalyst exhibits a higher activity and more extensive operating-temperature window, compared to the uncoated catalyst. In addition, the meso-TiO2 sheaths can serve as an effective barrier to prevent the aggregation of metal oxide NPs during stability testing. As a result, the meso-TiO2 overcoated catalyst exhibits a much better stability than the uncoated one. More importantly, the meso-TiO2 sheaths can not only prevent the generation of ammonium sulfate species from blocking the active sites but also inhibit the formation of manganese sulfate, resulting in a higher SO2-tolerance. These results indicate that the design of a core-shell structure is effective to promote the performance of deNOx catalysts.

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