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J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2014 Mar;147(3):1073-1080.e2. doi: 10.1016/j.jtcvs.2013.05.011. Epub 2013 Aug 19.

MicroRNA-30b is a multifunctional regulator of aortic valve interstitial cells.

Author information

  • 1Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Changhai Hospital, Second Military Medical University, Shanghai, China.
  • 2Xinhua Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China.
  • 3Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Changhai Hospital, Second Military Medical University, Shanghai, China. Electronic address: zhiyunx@hotmail.com.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Calcific aortic valve disease is an active process involving a wide range of pathologic changes. Valve interstitial cells are the most prevalent cells in the heart valve and maintain normal valve structure and function. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are essential posttranscriptional modulators of gene expression, and miRNA-30b is a known repressor of bone morphogenetic protein 2-mediated osteogenesis. We hypothesized that miRNA-30b is a multifunctional regulator of aortic valve interstitial cells during calcification.

METHODS:

To determine the role of miRNA-30b in calcific aortic valve disease, we evaluated miRNA expression in human calcific aortic valve leaflets obtained intraoperatively. Furthermore, human valve interstitial cells were evaluated with regard to miRNA-30b expression and osteogenesis by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction, Western blotting, flow cytometry, and alkaline phosphatase assays.

RESULTS:

In this study, we demonstrated that miRNA-30b attenuates bone morphogenetic protein 2-induced osteoblast differentiation by targeting Runx2, Smad1, and caspase-3. Transfection of a mimic of miRNA-30b led to decreases in alkaline phosphatase activity and expressions of Runx2, Smad1, and caspase-3. Furthermore, dual luciferase reporter assays confirmed that Runx2, Smad1, and caspase-3 are direct targets of miRNA-30b.

CONCLUSIONS:

We demonstrated a remarkable role of miRNA-30b in calcific aortic valve disease as a regulator of human aortic valvular calcification and apoptosis through direct targeting of Runx2, Smad1, and caspase-3. Targeting of miRNA-30b could serve as a novel therapeutic strategy to limit progressive calcification in aortic stenosis.

Copyright © 2014. Published by Mosby, Inc.

PMID:
23968872
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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