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J Environ Radioact. 2013 Dec;126:55-60. doi: 10.1016/j.jenvrad.2013.06.009. Epub 2013 Aug 16.

Monte Carlo modelling of large scale NORM sources using MCNP.

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  • Radiation & Nuclear Science Unit (Formerly Health Physics Unit), Forensic & Scientific Services, Queensland Health, 39 Kessels Road, Coopers Plains, QLD 4108, Australia. Electronic address: JohnD_Wallace@health.qld.gov.au.


The representative Monte Carlo modelling of large scale planar sources (for comparison to external environmental radiation fields) is undertaken using substantial diameter and thin profile planar cylindrical sources. The relative impact of source extent, soil thickness and sky-shine are investigated to guide decisions relating to representative geometries. In addition, the impact of source to detector distance on the nature of the detector response, for a range of source sizes, has been investigated. These investigations, using an MCNP based model, indicate a soil cylinder of greater than 20 m diameter and of no less than 50 cm depth/height, combined with a 20 m deep sky section above the soil cylinder, are needed to representatively model the semi-infinite plane of uniformly distributed NORM sources. Initial investigation of the effect of detector placement indicate that smaller source sizes may be used to achieve a representative response at shorter source to detector distances.

Crown Copyright © 2013. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


MCNP; NORM; Planar sources

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