Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Insect Sci. 2013 Aug;20(4):505-12. doi: 10.1111/j.1744-7917.2012.01528.x. Epub 2012 Aug 8.

Resurgence of the cotton bollworm Helicoverpa armigera in northern Greece associated with insecticide resistance.

Author information

  • 1Laboratory of Applied Zoology and Parasitology, Faculty of Agriculture, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece.


Helicoverpa armigera has been controlled effectively with chemical insecticides in the major cotton crop production areas of northern Greece for many years. However, a resurgence of the pest was observed in 2010, which significantly affected crop production. During a 4-year survey (2007-2010), we examined the insecticide resistance status of H. armigera populations from two major and representative cotton production areas in northern Greece against seven insecticides (chlorpyrifos, diazinon, methomyl, alpha-cypermethrin, cypermethrin, gamma-cyhalothrin and endosulfan). Full dose-response bioassays on third instar larvae were performed by topical application. Lethal doses at 50% were estimated by probit analysis and resistance factors (RF) were calculated, compared to a susceptible laboratory reference strain. Resistance levels were relatively moderate until 2009, with resistance ratios below 10-fold for organophosphates and carbamates and up to 16-fold for the pyrethroid alpha-cypermethrin. However, resistance rose to 46- and 81-fold for chlorpyrifos and alpha-cypermethrin, respectively in 2010, when the resurgence of the pest was observed. None of the known pyrethroid resistance mutations were found in the pyrethroid-resistant insects. The possible association between resistance and H. armigera resurgence in Greece is discussed.

© 2012 Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences.


bioassay; carbamates; cotton field; endosulfan; organophospates; pyrethroids

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Wiley
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk