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Psychiatr Clin North Am. 2013 Sep;36(3):417-29. doi: 10.1016/j.psc.2013.05.011.

The enduring mental health impact of the September 11th terrorist attacks: challenges and lessons learned.

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  • 1The WTC Mental Health Program, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, NY, USA.


The authors review the existing literature on the mental health impact of the September 11th attacks and the implications for disaster mental health clinicians and policy makers. The authors discuss the demographic characteristics of those affected and the state of mental health needs and existing mental health delivery services; the nature of the disaster and primary impacts on lives, infrastructure, and socioeconomic factors; the acute aftermath in the days and weeks after the attacks; the persistent mental health impact and evolution of services of the postacute aftermath; and the implications for future disaster mental health practitioners and policy makers.

Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


Barriers to care; Crisis counseling; Disaster response; PTSD; World Trade Center

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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