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J Homosex. 2013;60(9):1297-314. doi: 10.1080/00918369.2013.806177.

Correlates of homophobia, transphobia, and internalized homophobia in gay or lesbian and heterosexual samples.

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  • 1Department of Counseling/Counseling Psychology, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona, USA.

Abstract

This research assessed the correlates of homophobia and transphobia in heterosexual and homosexual individuals, based on a theory of different sources of perceived symbolic threat to social status. Compared to 310 heterosexual college students, a sample of 30 gay male and 30 lesbian college students scored lower on homophobia, transphobia, and religious fundamentalism. Mean gender differences were smaller for gay men and lesbians for homophobia, aggressiveness, benevolent sexism, masculinity, and femininity. Fundamentalism, right-wing authoritarianism, and hostile and benevolent sexism were correlated only with homophobia in lesbians, whereas fundamentalism and authoritarianism were correlated only with transphobia in gay men. Correlates of internalized homophobia were different than those found for homophobia and transphobia, which was discussed in terms of gender differences in threats to status based on sexual orientation versus gender identity.

PMID:
23952924
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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