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J Inorg Biochem. 2013 Nov;128:97-107. doi: 10.1016/j.jinorgbio.2013.07.027. Epub 2013 Jul 23.

Syntheses and crystal structures of tetracopper(II) complexes bridged by asymmetric N,N'-bis(substituted)oxamides: Molecular docking, DNA-binding and in vitro anticancer activity.

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  • 1Marine Drug & Food Institute Ocean University of China, Qingdao, Shandong 266003, PR China.

Abstract

Two new tetranuclear copper(II) complexes of the formulae [Cu4(oxbm)2(phen)2](NO3)2⋅6H2O (1) and [Cu4(oxbpa)2(phen)2](ClO4)2·4H2O (2), where H3oxbm and H3oxbpa stand for N-(2-aminopropyl)-N'- (2-carboxylatophenyl)oxamide and N-hydroxypropyl-N'-(2-carboxylatophenyl)oxamide, respectively, and phen is 1,10-phenanthroline, have been synthesized and characterized by elemental analyses, molar conductivity measurements, IR and electronic spectrum studies, and X-ray single crystal diffraction. In the two tetracopper(II) complexes, the presence of the circular tetracopper(II) cations is assembled by a pair of cis-oxamido-bridged dicopper(II) units through carboxyl bridges, in which Cu1 is located in a distorted square-planar environment, while Cu2 is in a distorted square-pyramidal geometry. Numerous hydrogen bonds link complex 1 or 2 into a 2-D infinite network. The interactions of the two tetracopper(II) complexes with DNA are investigated both theoretically and experimentally, revealing that these tetracopper(II) complexes can interact with HS-DNA in the mode of intercalation, and complex 1 possesses stronger intercalating ability. The molecular docking of the two tetranuclear copper(II) complexes with the self-complementary DNA duplex of sequence d(ACCGACGTCGGT)2 facilitates the binding events. Cytotoxicity experiments indicate that the two tetracopper(II) complexes exhibit cytotoxic effects against human hepatocellular carcinoma cell SMMC-7721 and human lung adenocarcinoma cell A549. Interestingly, the cytotoxic activities of the two tetracopper(II) complexes are consistent with their DNA-binding abilities, following the order of 1>2. The main results suggest that different bridging ligands in tetracopper(II) complexes may play an important role in the DNA-binding properties and cytotoxic activities.

© 2013.

KEYWORDS:

Crystal structures; DNA-binding properties; Dissymmetric N,N′-bis(substituted)-oxamides; In vitro anticancer activities; Molecular docking; Tetracopper(II) complexes

PMID:
23948578
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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