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Huan Jing Ke Xue. 2013 Jun;34(6):2428-35.

[Ex-situ remediation of PAHs contaminated site by successive methyl-beta-cyclodextrin enhanced soil washing].

[Article in Chinese]

Author information

  • 1Key Laboratory of Soil Environment and Pollution Remediation, Institute of Soil Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008, China. mmsun@issas.ac.cn

Abstract

Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) polluted sites caused by abandoned coking plants have attracted great attentions. This study investigated the feasibility of using methyl-beta-cyclodextrin (MCD) solution to enhance ex situ soil washing for extracting PAHs. Treatment with elevated temperature (50 degrees C) in combination with ultrasonication (35 kHz, 30 min) at 100 g x L(-1) was effective. It was found that 96.7% +/- 2.4% of 3-ring PAH, 89.7% +/- 3.2% of 4-ring PAH, 76.3% +/- 2.2% of 5 (+6)-ring PAH and 91.3% +/- 3.1% of total PAHs were removed from soil after five successive washing cycles. The desorption kinetics of PAHs from contaminated soil was determined before and after successive washings. The 400 h Tenax extraction of PAHs from soil was decreasing gradually with increasing washing times. Furthermore, the F(r), F(sl), k(r), k(sl) and k(vl) were significantly lower than those of CK (P < 0.01). Therefore, considering the removal efficiency and potential environmental risk after soil )ashing, successive washing three times was selected as a reasonable parameter. These results have practical implications for site risk assessment and cleanup strategies.

PMID:
23947066
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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