Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Orthop Res. 2013 Dec;31(12):1971-9. doi: 10.1002/jor.22455. Epub 2013 Aug 12.

Polymorphisms in BMP4 and FGFR1 genes are associated with fracture non-union.

Author information

  • 1Trauma and Orthopaedic Surgery, National Institute of Traumatology and Orthopaedics, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.


Fracture healing is a complex process influenced by a multitude of factors and expression of several thousand genes. Polymorphisms in these genes can lead to an extended healing process and explain why certain patients are more susceptible to develop non-union. A total of 16 SNPs within five genes involved in bone repair pathogenesis (FAM5C, BMP4, FGF3, FGF10, and FGFR1) were investigated in 167 patients with long bone fractures, 101 with uneventful healing, and 66 presenting aseptic non-unions. Exclusion criteria were patients presenting pathological fractures, osteoporosis, hypertrophic and infected non-unions, pregnancy, and children. All genetic markers were genotyped using TaqMan real-time PCR. Chi-square test was used to compare genotypes, allele frequencies, and haplotype differences between groups. Binary logistic regression analyzed the significance of many covariates and the incidence of non-union. Statistical analysis revealed open fracture to be a risk factor for non-union development (p < 0.001, OR 3.6 [1.70-7.67]). A significant association of haplotype GTAA in BMP4 (p = 0.01) and FGFR1 rs13317 (p = 0.005) with NU could be observed. Also, uneventful healing showed association with FAM5C rs1342913 (p = 0.04). Our work supported the role of BMP4 and FGFR1 in NU fracture independently of the presence of previously described risk factors.

© 2013 Orthopaedic Research Society.


bone healing; fracture repair; haplotype; non-union; polymorphism

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Wiley
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk