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AIDS. 2013 Oct 23;27(16):2657-9. doi: 10.1097/01.aids.0000433235.55937.10.

Who is taking up voluntary medical male circumcision? Early evidence from Tanzania.

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  • 1aCenter for Social Science Research bSouth Africa Labour and Development Research Unit, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa cDepartment of Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Charlestown, Massachusetts, USA.


We examined the impacts of nationwide voluntary medical male circumcision efforts in Tanzania. Using Demographic and Health Surveys data, we found that circumcision rates increased from 37% to 47% in regions targeted by the program. Those who took up medical male circumcision were younger, more educated, wealthier, and more likely to use condoms. Efforts going forward should focus on stimulating circumcision demand among more vulnerable men.

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