Display Settings:


Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Pain Manag Nurs. 2014 Sep;15(3):632-40. doi: 10.1016/j.pmn.2013.07.001. Epub 2013 Aug 7.

A Randomized Controlled Trial of the Effectiveness of Educating Parents about Distraction to Decrease Postoperative Pain in Children at Home after Tonsillectomy.

Author information

  • 1Faculty of Nursing, School of Health Sciences, University of Iceland, Reykjavik, Iceland. Electronic address: helgalar@hi.is.
  • 2College of Nursing, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, Nebraska.


Today, parents are more involved with postoperative pain management, because children are discharged as early as possible after surgery. The purpose of this randomized controlled trial was to determine the effectiveness of educating parents to provide distraction in addition to pharmacologic pain management in decreasing postoperative pain at home for children ages 3 to 7 years. Ninety-three children aged 3-7 years having tonsillectomy at Landspitali, The National University Hospital of Iceland, and their parents were randomized to one of two intervention groups. The interventions were pharmacologic pain management education (control group) and pharmacologic pain management education with distraction (experimental group). Pain was measured by parent's report of pain behavior during the evening on postoperative days 1 and 2 and child's report of pain intensity on eight time points on postoperative days 1 and 2. Sixty-nine children had complete data. The results from RM-ANCOVA showed that when adjusting for pain intensity in the morning on postoperative day 1 that educating parents about distraction in addition to educating them about pain medication management decreases mean pain behavior scores (p < .001). There was no difference in pain intensity between the groups using RM-ANCOVA. However, there was association between pain intensity in the morning on postoperative day 1 and follow-up pain intensity (p < .001). The results from this study support the importance of educating parents of children having tonsillectomy about distraction in addition to educating them about pain medication management.

Copyright © 2014 American Society for Pain Management Nursing. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

[PubMed - in process]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk