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Ann Emerg Med. 1990 Sep;19(9):1001-5.

The management and outcome of lacerations in urban children.

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  • 1Department of Pediatrics, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia.

Abstract

We prospectively studied the management and outcome of 2,834 children, aged 1 month to 18 years, who presented to the emergency department of the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia for laceration repair. Patients with bite wounds were excluded from the study. Eight percent (239) of all patients had complications on initial evaluation; the most common was the presence of a foreign body (55). Infection on presentation was diagnosed in 22 cases (0.8%). All of these patients had delayed their initial care beyond 18 hours (range, 18 to 288 hours; mean, 18 hours). Other factors significantly associated with infection on presentation included occurrence of the injury outdoors (16; P less than .001), injury due to broken "street" glass (seven; P less than .02), and injury of an extremity (18; P less than .01). The rate of prerepair infection was not influenced by the size of the wound. Infections developed subsequent to initial repair in 34 cases (1.2%). Factors associated with development of subsequent infection included use of prophylactic antibiotics, use of subcutaneous sutures, laceration length of more than 5.0 cm, glass or ice as a causative agent, and upper- or lower-extremity involvement. The majority of injuries were repaired by ED personnel without surgical consultation. Postrepair infection rates were not influenced by the specialty of the physician managing the case. Although our study was not designed to specifically test the issue, prophylactic antibiotics were of no proven benefit in reducing infection rates in any group of patients analyzed.

PMID:
2393165
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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