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Am J Cardiol. 1990 Sep 1;66(5):621-5.

Evaluation of mitral regurgitation by cine magnetic resonance imaging.

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  • 1Department of Medicine, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia.


We used cine magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to assess mitral regurgitation (MR) in 40 patients with coronary and/or valvular disease and 10 normal subjects and compared results to pulsed (n = 30) or color flow Doppler mapping (n = 20). Mitral regurgitation produced a dynamic signal void in the left atrium in systole in 15 of 16 patients with MR by pulsed Doppler and in an additional 15 of 16 patients whose MR was demonstrated by color flow Doppler. There were no false positives (sensitivity 94%, specificity 100% for both). The ratio of single-plane, maximal jet area to left atrial area was used to grade MR severity with mild defined as less than 20%, moderate between 20 and 40% and severe greater than 40%. Cine MRI classification was identical to pulsed Doppler echocardiography in 26 of 30 patients and to color flow Doppler in 16 of 20 patients with no differences of greater than 1 grade. Cine MRI consistently depicted smaller flow disturbances than pulsed Doppler (slope = 0.65) or color flow Doppler (slope = 0.60). Nonetheless, the cine MRI area ratio correlated well with pulsed Doppler (r = 0.78) and with color flow Doppler (r = 0.74). Thus, planar analysis of cine MRI in patients with MR of varying severity gave results that were similar to Doppler echocardiography. At present, for routine clinical assessment of MR, the benefits of cine MRI may be limited to patients in whom transthoracic Doppler echocardiography is not adequate.

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