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Am J Cardiol. 2013 Oct 15;112(8):1207-13. doi: 10.1016/j.amjcard.2013.06.016. Epub 2013 Aug 5.

Heterogeneity of regional function and relation to ventricular morphology in patients with fontan circulation.

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  • 1Department of Cardiology, Boston Children's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts; Department of Congenital Heart Disease, German Heart Institute, Berlin, Germany. Electronic address:


The relation between underlying ventricular morphology and regional function in patients with Fontan circulation remains unclear. The aim of this study was to compare regional function and its heterogeneity in patients with tricuspid atresia (TA), biventricular apex-forming morphology (BiV), and controls. Nineteen patients (median age 12 years) with Fontan circulation who presented consecutively were prospectively enrolled and compared with age- and heart rate-matched controls. Most patients were in New York Heart Association class I (63%). Longitudinal systolic strain (S), systolic strain rate (SRsys), and early diastolic strain rate (SRdia) peaks were obtained from 6 ventricular segments, and a coefficient of variation by segment was calculated as a measure of regional heterogeneity. Systolic S, SRsys and SRdia peaks were decreased at the right and left lateral walls in both patient groups compared with controls (p ≤0.001 for all). Patients with TA had higher systolic S and SRsys in the middle of the right lateral wall than those with BiV morphology (p = 0.009 and p = 0.001, respectively). The mean coefficients of variation assessed by S and SRsys were similar in controls and patients with TA but lower in those with BiV than in controls and patients with TA (p <0.001 and p = 0.01, respectively). The mean coefficient of variation assessed by SRdia was greater only in patients with BiV than in controls (p = 0.001). In conclusion, patients with Fontan circulation have more heterogeneous systolic and early diastolic regional function than healthy control subjects, and patients with TA have better systolic regional function in the middle of the right lateral wall and less systolic heterogeneity than patients with BiV morphology.

Published by Elsevier Inc.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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