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J Biol Chem. 2013 Sep 27;288(39):28058-67. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M113.470765. Epub 2013 Aug 7.

Exosomes from retinal astrocytes contain antiangiogenic components that inhibit laser-induced choroidal neovascularization.

Author information

  • 1From the Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, Kentucky Lions Eye Center and.

Abstract

Exosomes released from different types of host cells have different biological effects. We report that exosomes released from retinal astroglial cells (RACs) suppress retinal vessel leakage and inhibit choroidal neovascularization (CNV) in a laser-induced CNV model, whereas exosomes released from retinal pigmental epithelium do not. RAC exosomes inhibit the migration of macrophages and the tubule forming of mouse retinal microvascular endothelial cells. Further, we analyzed antiangiogenic components in RAC exosomes using an angiogenesis array kit and detected several endogenous inhibitors of angiogenesis exclusively present in RAC exosomes, such as endostatin. Moreover, blockade of matrix metalloproteinases in the cleavage of collagen XVIII to form endostatin using FN-439 reverses RAC exosome-mediated retinal vessel leakage. This study demonstrates that exosomes released from retinal tissue cells have different angiogenic effects, with exosomes from RACs containing antiangiogenic components that might protect the eye from angiogenesis and maintain its functional integrity. In addition, by identifying additional components and their functions of RAC exosomes, we might improve the antiangiogenic therapy for CNV in age-related macular degeneration and diabetic retinopathy.

KEYWORDS:

Age-related Macular Degeneration; Angiogenesis; Choroidal Neovascularization; Endothelial Cell; Exosomes; Inflammation; Macrophages; Retinal Astrocytes; Retinal Pigmental Epithelium; Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (VEGF)

PMID:
23926109
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3784718
[Available on 2014/9/27]
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