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Appl Microbiol Biotechnol. 2013 Sep;97(18):8253-64. doi: 10.1007/s00253-013-5139-8. Epub 2013 Aug 8.

Integrated proteomic and transcriptomic analysis reveals novel genes and regulatory mechanisms involved in salt stress responses in Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803.

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  • 1School of Chemical Engineering and Technology, Tianjin University, Tianjin, 300072, People's Republic of China.

Abstract

Salt stress is a common stress that limits growth and productivity of photosynthetic microbes in natural environments. Although cellular responses of a model cyanobacterium Synechocystis sp. PCC6803 to high and changing salt concentration have been studied, it remains undefined of the gene components and their regulation in the long-term salt acclimation networks. In this study, we performed an integrated study coupling a quantitative iTRAQ-LC-MS/MS proteomics and a next-generation sequencing-based RNA-seq transcriptomics on Synechocystis under salt stress for an extended period of time. Comparative quantification of protein abundances led to the identification of 68 and 108 proteins differentially regulated by salt treatment at 24 and 48 h, respectively. RNA-seq transcriptomic analysis showed that genes involved in energy metabolism and protein synthesis, and genes encoding hypothetical proteins responded to salt stress in a phase-dependent pattern. Notably, a gene encoding CO2-uptake-related protein (CupA) and three genes encoding hypothetical proteins were induced significantly at either transcript or protein level after long-term salt stress. Gene knockout and comparative growth analysis demonstrated that these four genes were involved in salt tolerance in Synechocystis. In addition, a complementary proteome and transcriptome analysis showed that concordance between protein abundances and their corresponding mRNAs varied significantly between various gene-protein pairs, indicating divergent regulation of transcriptional and post-transcriptional processes during salt stress adaptation in Synechocystis. The study provided new insights on genes and regulatory mechanism involved in salt stress response in Synechocystis.

PMID:
23925534
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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