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Cancer Chemother Pharmacol. 2013 Sep;72(3):643-52. doi: 10.1007/s00280-013-2240-8. Epub 2013 Aug 7.

Phase 1 pharmacokinetic study of MK-0646 (dalotuzumab), an anti-insulin-like growth factor-1 receptor monoclonal antibody, in combination with cetuximab and irinotecan in Japanese patients with advanced colorectal cancer.

Author information

  • 1National Cancer Center Hospital East, 6-5-1, Kashiwanoha, Kashiwa, Chiba, Japan. tdoi@east.ncc.go.jp

Abstract

PURPOSE:

The safety, tolerability, and pharmacokinetic (PK) interactions of MK-0646 in combination with cetuximab and irinotecan were investigated in Japanese patients with advanced colorectal cancer.

METHODS:

Twenty patients were treated in the following study arms in combination with cetuximab and irinotecan: A [MK-0646 (10 mg/kg) weekly starting on Day 22], B [MK-0646 (15 mg/kg) on Day 8, followed by 7.5 mg/kg every 2 weeks], or C [MK-0646 (10 mg/kg) on Day 1 and weekly starting on Day 22]. Dose limiting toxicities (DLTs) were evaluated during a prespecified 4-week period in arms A and B. Full PK sampling was performed to evaluate the PK interactions.

RESULTS:

One of the 6 evaluable patients in arm A developed a DLT (grade 3 hyperglycemia); no DLTs occurred in the 6 patients in arm B. Common treatment-related adverse events included leukopenia, neutropenia, dermatitis acneiform, paronychia, nausea, stomatitis, diarrhea, and decreased appetite. The co-administration of cetuximab and irinotecan with MK-0646 increased the MK-0646 AUC0-168h by 25 %, with MK-0646 accumulation from the previous dose contributing to the observed increase. The co-administration of MK-0646 with cetuximab and irinotecan did not affect the PK of cetuximab and irinotecan, but reduced the C max (from 16.8 to 13.0 ng/mL) and the AUC0-24h (by 13 %) of SN-38, the active metabolite of irinotecan.

CONCLUSIONS:

The triple combination of MK-0646, cetuximab, and irinotecan was well tolerated in Japanese patients with advanced colorectal cancer. These results indicate a minimal potential for PK interactions between MK-0646 and cetuximab and between MK-0646 and irinotecan/SN-38.

PMID:
23921573
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3753462
Free PMC Article

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