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BMC Public Health. 2013 Aug 4;13:717. doi: 10.1186/1471-2458-13-717.

An integrated individual, community, and structural intervention to reduce HIV/STI risks among female sex workers in China.

Author information

  • 1Institution for AIDS/STD Control and Prevention & Shandong Key Laboratory for Epidemic Disease Control and Prevention, Shandong CDC, Jinan, Shandong Province 250014, PR China. dmkang@sohu.com

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

We assessed the effectiveness of an integrated individual, community, and structural intervention to reduce risks of HIV and sexually transmitted infections (STIs) among female sex workers (FSWs).

METHODS:

The integration individual, community, and structural intervention was implemented from 2004 to 2009 in six counties of Shandong Province. Post-intervention cross-sectional surveys were conducted in six intervention counties and 10 control counties.

RESULTS:

Of 3326 female sex workers were recruited and analyzed in the post-intervention survey with 1157 from intervention sites and 2169 from control sites. No HIV positive was found in both intervention and control counties. The rate of syphilis was 0.17% for intervention sites and 1.89% for control sites (OR=11.1, 95% CI: 2.7, 46.1). After adjusted for age, marital status, education, economic condition, recruitment venues, the rates of condom use in the last sex with clients(AOR=2.7; 95% CI: 1.9, 3.8), with regular sex partners(AOR=1.5; 95% CI: 1.1, 1.9) and consistent condom use in the last month with clients (AOR=3.3; 95% CI: 2.6, 4.1) and regular sex partners (AOR=1.7; 95% CI: 1.3, 2.3) were significantly higher in intervention sites than that in control sites. The proportion of participants correctly answered at least six out of eight HIV-related questions (83.3%) in intervention sites is significant higher than that (21.9%) in control sites (AOR=24.7; 95% CI: 2.5, 42.7), the five indicators related to HIV-related intervention services ever received in the last year including HIV testing(AOR=4.9; 95% CI: 2.8, 6.7), STD examination and/or treatment(AOR=5.1; 95% CI: 4.2, 6.4), free condom(AOR=20.3; 95% CI: 14.3, 28.9), peer education(AOR=4.3; 95% CI: 3.5, 5.4), education materials(AOR=19.8; 95%CI: 13.1, 29.8) were significantly higher in intervention sites than that in control sites, the participants in the intervention sites are more likely to seek medical treatment when they had any disorders (AOR=3.2; 95% CI: 2.5, 4.2).

CONCLUSION:

This study found that the integrated individual, community, and structural intervention showed positive impact in reducing HIV and STI risks among FSWs.

PMID:
23914824
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3737083
Free PMC Article
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