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J Biotechnol. 2013 Sep 20;167(4):472-8. doi: 10.1016/j.jbiotec.2013.07.025. Epub 2013 Jul 29.

Biosynthesis of homoeriodictyol from eriodictyol by flavone 3'-O-methyltransferase from recombinant Yarrowia lioplytica: Heterologous expression, biochemical characterization, and optimal transformation.

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  • 1Key Laboratory of Carbohydrate Chemistry and Biotechnology, Ministry of Education, Jiangnan University, Wuxi 214122, China; Key Laboratory of Industrial Biotechnology, Ministry of Education, Jiangnan University, Wuxi 214122, China.


In this work, we attempted to synthesize homoeriodictyol by transferring one methyl group of S-adenosyl-L-methionine (SAM) to eriodictyol using flavone 3'-O-methyltransferase ROMT-9, which was produced by recombinant Yarrowia lipolytica. Specifically, the ROMT-9 gene from rice was synthesized and cloned into the multi-copy integrative vector pINA1297, and was further expressed in Y. lipolytica with a growth phase-dependent constitutive promoter hp4d. The highest ROMT-9 activity reached 5.53 U/L after 4 days of culture in shake flask. The optimal pH and temperature of the purified ROMT-9 were 8.0 and 37 °C, respectively. The purified enzyme was stable up to 40 °C, and retained more than 80% of its maximal activity between pH 6.5 and 9.0. The recombinant ROMT-9 did not require Mg²⁺ for catalysis, while was completely inhibited in the presence of 5 mM Zn²⁺, Cu²⁺, Ba²⁺, Al³⁺, or Ni²⁺. The purified ROMT-9 was used to synthesize homoeriodictyol, and the maximal transformation ratio reached 52.4% at 16 h under the following conditions: eriodictyol 0.2 g/L, ROMT-9 0.16 g/L, SAM 0.2 g/L, CH₃OH 6% (v/v), temperature 37 °C, and pH 8.0. This work provides an alternative strategy for efficient synthesis of homoeriodictyol and compared to the traditional plant extraction or chemical synthesis, the biotransformation approach generates less environmental pollution and has a great potential for the sustainable production of homoeriodictyol.

Copyright © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


<rk-italic>Yarrowia lipolytica</rk-italic>; Biotransformation; Flavone 3′-O-methyltransferase; Heterologous expression; Homoeriodictyol

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