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J Clin Diagn Res. 2013 Jun;7(6):1201-6. doi: 10.7860/JCDR/2013/5429.3076. Epub 2013 Jun 1.

Spontaneous Biliary Perforations: An Uncommon yet Important Entity in Children.

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  • 1Assistant Professor, Department of Pediatric Surgery, King George's Medical University , Lucknow, UP, India .


Spontaneous or idiopathic biliary perforations are an infrequently encountered but an important cause of surgical jaundice in paediatric patients and one of the most common causes of surgical jaundice in infancy. A pre-operative diagnosis with a clinical history and physical findings may not be possible in most of the cases. The exact cause of the perforation remains unclear and the diagnosis is made at the time of laparotomy for an acute abdomen. An early, efficient and an effective surgical management is associated with a good prognosis; however, a delay in the correct diagnosis or an inappropriate management may result in bacterial contamination of the biliary ascites, with an unfavourable outcome. The relative rarity of this condition is reflected by the very few case reports, limited case studies and scarcity of published literature.


Biliary ascites; Choledochal cyst perforation; Common bile duct perforation; Gall bladder perforation,; Idiopathic biliary perforation; Spontaneous biliary perforation

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