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Am Surg. 2013 Aug;79(8):806-9.

Transitioning to thoracic endovascular repair: a single institution's analysis of the management of blunt aortic injury.

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  • 1Eastern Virginia Medical School, Norfolk, Virginia, USA.

Abstract

Over the past 15 years, there has been a rapid transformation in the way blunt aortic injuries (BAIs) are managed shifting from open thoracotomies to thoracic endovascular repairs (TEVAR). As a result of this change, we sought to describe our experience with open and endovascular repairs through a retrospective analysis of all trauma patients admitted with BAI to our Level I trauma center from 2002 to 2011. Demographic data, type of repair, complications, length of stay (LOS) data, and mortality were identified. No difference was noted in age, sex, Injury Severity Score, or Glasgow Coma Scale score between the two groups. There were also no differences in the number of acute complications or mortality. Intensive care unit (ICU) LOS was significantly shorter in the TEVAR group (20 vs 9 days, P < 0.05). Additionally, there was a trend toward shorter hospital LOS (28 vs 18 days, P = 0.07) and ventilator length of stay (12 vs 5 days, P = 0.171). In summary, endovascular repair of BAI is safe and has no increased rate of acute complications or mortality. ICU LOS is much shorter with TEVAR, and there was a trend toward shorter ventilator and hospital LOS, all of which may result in decreased cost. Still, more needs to be learned about potential long-term complications.

PMID:
23896249
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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