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Aust N Z J Public Health. 2013 Aug;37(4):322-8. doi: 10.1111/1753-6405.12079.

The Australian Recommended Food Score did not predict weight gain in middle-aged Australian women during six years of follow-up.

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  • 1School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Health, Priority Research Centre in Physical Activity and Nutrition, The University of Newcastle, New South Wales, Australia.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate the relationship between diet quality score, as measured by the Australian Recommended Food Score (ARFS) and six-year weight gain in middle-aged Australian women.

METHODS:

Participants were a sub-sample of women from the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women's Health (ALSWH) who were followed up from 2001 to 2007 (n= 7,155, aged 48 to 56 years). The ARFS was derived from responses to a sub-set of questions from a food frequency questionnaire, with possible scores ranging from 0 to 74 (maximum). Absolute weight gain was calculated from the difference in self-reported weight between 2001 and 2007. Linear regression was used to test the relationship between diet score and weight change.

RESULTS:

On average, women gained weight during follow-up (1.6 ± 6.2 kg) and had a mean baseline ARFS of 32.6 (SD 8.7) which was not optimal. There was no association between ARFS and weight change during follow-up (β= 0.016; p=0.08) in the fully adjusted model that included total energy intake, education, area of residence, baseline weight, physical activity, smoking and menopause status.

CONCLUSIONS:

Weight gain and low ARFS were common. However, diet quality as measured by the ARFS did not predict six-year weight gain.

IMPLICATIONS:

This lack of association may be due to limitations related to AFRS, or may be a false negative finding. Further research is warranted to evaluate the impact of promoting optimal diet quality on weight gain prospectively.

© 2013 The Authors. ANZJPH © 2013 Public Health Association of Australia.

KEYWORDS:

The Australian Recommended Food Score; diet score; middle-aged women; weight gain

PMID:
23895474
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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